Clauvico Chesario Florianus, Vera Syamsi


Errors, defined as mistaken application of linguistic theory done by language learners, are generally seen as negative element in language learning. However, several researchers believed that error analysis can be used to understand how students process a target language. Understanding this will give insights on which areas of language the students find it difficult. Therefore, this study was conducted for this purpose. Descriptive qualitative methodology was employed to examine types of writing errors that are related to inflectional affixation performed by 8 freshman students. The errors that were identified in the students’ written language were described in linguistic and surface category. Authoritative interpretation was conducted to investigate the cause of error occurrence through interview. The study finds that the students still face difficulty in subject-verb agreement, plurals, and past participle. Furthermore, it was also found that the dominant cause of the error occurrence is interlingual factors, negative transfer from their first language.


Error Analysis; Writing Errors; Inflectional Affixation; Academic Writing

Full Text:



Al-khresheh, M. H. (2016). A review of error analysis study. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research, 2, 49-59. Retrieved on


Andrian. (2015). An error analysis of EFL students’ English writing. English Education Journal, 6(4), 511-523. Retrieved on

Atmowardoyo, H. (2018). Research methods in TEFL studies: Descriptive research, case study, error analysis, and R&D. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 9(1), 197-204. DOI:

Corder, S. P. (1967). The significance of learner’s errors. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Learning, 5(4), 161-170. Retrieved on

Corder, S. P. (1981). The role of interpretation in the study of learners’ errors. In S. P. Corder (Eds.), Error analysis and interlanguage. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dulay, H. C., & Burt, M. K. (1974). You can’t learn without goofing. In J. C. Richards (Eds.), Error analysis: Perspective on second language acquisition. London: Longman. Retrieved on

Ellis, R. (2008). The study of second language acquisition 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Gass, S. M., & Selinker, L. (2008). Second language acquisition: An introductory course. New York: Routledge.

Hackett, A., & Strickland, K. (2018). Using the framework approach to analyse qualitative data: A worked example. Nurse Researcher. DOI: 10.7748/nr.2018.e1580

Hammarberg, B. (2010). The languages of the multilingual: some conceptual and terminological issues. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 48(2-3), 91-144. DOI: 10.1515/iral.2010.005

Javed, M., Juan, W. X., & Nazli, S. (2013). A study of students’ assessment in writing skills of the english language. International Journal of Instruction, 6(2), 129-144. Retrieved on

Karim, A., Mohamed, A. R., Ismail, S. A. M. M., Shahed, F. H., Rahman, M. M., & Haque, M. H. (2018). Error analysis in EFL writing classroom. International Journal of English Linguistics, 8(4), 122-138. DOI: 10.5539/ijel.v8n4p122

Mutimani, M. M. (2016). Academic writing in English: Challenges experienced by bachelor of education primary level students at the University of Namibia Katima Mulilo campus (PhD Thesis). University of Namibia.

Rahayu, A. & Arrasyid, F. I. (2016). Exploring writing practices in efl classroom: A case study at English Department Iain Syekh Nurjati Cirebon. The Journal of English Language Teaching in Foreign Language Context, 1(1), 53-64. DOI:

Richards, J. C. (1974). A non-contrastive approach to error analysis. In J. C. Richards (Eds.), Error analysis: Perspective on second language acquisition. London: Longman. Retrieved on

Sampoerna University Handbook. (2019). Jakarta: Sampoerna University

Sermsook, K., Liamnimitr, J., & Pochakorn, R. (2017). An analysis of errors in written english sentences: A case study of Thai EFL students. English Language Teaching, 10(3), 101-110. DOI: 10.5539/elt.v10n3p101




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Clauvico Chesario Florianus, Vera Syamsi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed and abstracted in:



LLT Journal Sinta 2 Certificate (S2 = Level 2)

We would like to inform you that LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching has been nationally accredited Sinta 2 by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia based on the decree  No. Surat Keterangan 158/E/KPT/2021. Validity for 5 years: Vol 23 No 1, 2020 till Vol 27 No 2, 2024



This work is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


Free counters!

 LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching is published twice a year, namely in April and October by the English Language Education Study Programme of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.