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Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

  1. Articles must be submitted through OJS of Journal of Language and Literature
  2. Articles must be on language, literature, translation, or cultural studies. 
  3. Articles must be in English, 4000 – 8000 words, saved as Word Document (.doc/.docx) or Rich Text Format (.rtf); A4 paper, Font: Cambria 11. 
  4. Article should include (a) title; (b) name of contributor (with no academic title), e-mail, and institution; (c) abstract; (d) 3 or 4 keywords; (e) introduction, methodology, results and discussion, conclusions, (f) references, and (g) appendices—optional. 
  5. Abstract should be prepared in English, 200 - 250 words. 
  6. Abstract should state (a) the purpose of the study, (b) basic procedures in the study, and (c) principal conclusions. 
  7. Text (i.e. introduction, methodology, discussion, conclusion) should be organized under suitable headings.
  8. Citation and Reference follow/adapt the APA format. 

General Rules

  1. Journal of Language and Literature (JOLL) is an internationally recognized blind peer-reviewed electronic journal.
  2. Manuscript must align with the mission and purpose of Journal of Language and Literature (JOLL)
  3. Authors must adhere to the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Ed).
  4. Manuscripts must be submitted as Microsoft Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) and must be 1 spaced using a 11-point font in Cambria; employ italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. The paper size is A4 (i.e., 210 x 297 mm), two-column format (i.e., 85 mm each) with a 2.2 cm margin at the top, a 2.2 cm margin at the bottom, 2.2 cm margin on the left, and 2 cm margin on the right. Lines are one-spaced, justified. Page numbers should be included in the text located in footer section of each page. Use of pronouns such as I, we etc. is to be avoided.
  5. Recommended manuscript length is 4000 to 8000 words, including references.
  6. Include an abstract of 200-250 words.
  7. Include a title page with author/s contact information. If the manuscript has more than one author, please indicate which author is acting as the contact person.
  8. Include a statement indicating that the manuscript has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

Manuscript content should be organized in the following order: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Method; Findings and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgements; and References.

For conceptual articles, the content should be organized in the following order: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Concept 1; Concept 2; Concept 3; Conclusions; Acknowledgements; and References.

Paper Title

  • This is your opportunity to attract the reader's attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations. The title of the paper should be in 18 pt bold Cambria and be justified. The title should not be more than 20 words.

Author’s Name(s) and Affiliation(s)

  • Write Author(s) names without title and professional positions such as Prof, Dr, Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names.
  • Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes: name of department/unit, (faculty), name of university, address, country.
  • Author names should be in 12 pt Cambria bold with 12 pts above and 12 pts below. Authors’ email addresses should be in 12 pt Cambria italic.
  • Author affiliations should be in 12 pt Cambria.

Abstract and Keywords

  • Abstract should stand alone, means that no citation in abstract. Consider it the advertisement of your article. Abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. You must be accurate, brief, clear and specific. Use words which reflect the precise meaning, Abstract should be precise and honest. Please follow word limitations (200-250 words).
  • On the abstract, explicitly include the introduction, objective of the papers, method, findings, and conclusion.
  • Below the abstract, about three to four keywords should appear together with the main body of the article with the font size 11. Each word/phrase in keyword should be separated by a semicolon (;), not a comma (,).


In introduction, Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of introduction section. Before the objective, Authors should provide an adequate background, and very short literature survey in order to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researches, to show the main limitation of the previous researches, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


Method should make readers be able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods.

Results and Discussion

  • Results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than providing data in great detail. Please highlight differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers.
  • The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results). The following components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?


Conclusion should answer the objectives of research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are underway.

Acknowledgement (optional)

Recognize those who helped in the research, especially funding supporter of your research. Include individuals who have assisted you in your study: Advisors, Financial supporters, or may other supporter i.e. Proofreaders, Typists, and Suppliers who may have given materials.


  • Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self-citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (authors' name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number).
  • Every source cited in the body of the article should appear in the reference, and all sources appearing in the reference should be cited in the body of the article.
  • The sources cited should at least 80% come from those published in the last 10 years. The sources cited are primary sources in the forms of journal articles, books, and research reports, including theses and dissertations. Citations from journal should be at least 80% of the total references cited.
  • Quotation and references follows APA style and the latter should be included at the end of the article in the following examples:


Angelova, N. (2014). Data Pruning (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from http://www. resolver.caltech. edu/CaltechETD:etd-052820004-000943.

Babes in Cyberspace Era. (2012). In The New Encyclopedia Britannica, 2, pp. 673 – 674. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.

Benner, B. (2017). Executive Functioning and Aggression. American Psychologyst67(1), pp. 11 – 16. Retrieved from

Caprette, C.L. (2015). Conquering the Cold Shudder: The Origin and Evolution of Snake Eyes (Doctoral Dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Douglass, F. (1845). Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by HimselfIn William Andrew (Ed.) (2014). Classics American Autobiographies (pp. 229 – 327). New York: Mentor.

Eugene, S. & Lane, D. (2004). Analyzing Casual Conversation. London: Cassell Book Limited.

Putranti, A. (2016). Maternity Care Policy in the United States (Undergraduate Thesis). Universitas Sanata Dharma, Yogyakarta.

Sagarin, B., & West, T. (2011). Critically Evaluating Competing Theories. Teaching Language, (32)3, pp. 167 – 172. DOI:

Schneider, J., Whitehead, D., & Elliot, D. (2009). Nursing and Midwifery (2nd ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Seton, T. (2011, August 28). The Journey of 2,000 Miles in Search of the Caribou. Retrieved from http://www.baywood. com/ journey/.asp?0091-43.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word A4 paper size with right margin 2cm, top, left, and bottom margins 2,2cm.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text or the format of your article is already appropriate with our article template. if don't, please see first our Author Guidelines
  5. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  6. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


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