Erna Erawati, Budi Anna Keliat


Caring children with intellectual disability remains a challenge for nursing students due to unprepared feeling and lack of experience. Therefore it is important for the nursing students to increase their self-awareness in caring children with intellectual disability through their clinical placement. The aims of this study are to explore the experience of the nursing students caring children with intellectual disability. A qualitative approach using a phenomenological was applied to explore the experience of the nursing students in caring children with intellectual disability. One time semi-structured interviewed were conducted. Data were collected through personal interviews about their experience and the transcripts of these interviews were subjected categorically. Data analysis identified the emerging themes as changing perception, communication challenges, and life value in caring children with intellectual disability. Findings suggest strategies to promote competencies of the nursing students in caring children with intellectual disability.



intellectual disability; nursing students; qualitative research.

Full Text:



Antonsson H, Granheim UH, Lundstrm M. & str S. Caregivers Reflections on Their Interactions with Adult People with Learning Disabilities, Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 2008;15(6): 48491.

Chew KL, Iacono T, Tracy J. Overcoming communication barriers - working with patients with intellectual disabilities. Aust Fam Physician. 2009 Jan-Feb;38(1-2):10-4.

Emerson E, Hatton C, Felce D. Learning Disabilities: The Fundamental Facts. Foundation for People with Learning Disabilities. 2001.

Fisher K, Frazer C, Hasson C, & Orkin F. A qualitative study of emergency nurses perceptions and experiences in caring for individuals with intellectual disabilities in the United States. International Journal of Nursing in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2007;3. Retrieved from

Isfandari S. Manfaat data disabilitas Riskesdas bagi perencanaankesehatan di Indonesia. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan. 2009;12(3).

Kemenkes. Situasi Penyandang disabilitas. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan. 2014.2:11

Martin AM. Fenelon MC, Lyons R. Non-verbal communication between nurses and people with an intellectual disability: a review of the literature Journal of Intellectual Disabilities. 2010;14(4):303?314. DOI:10.1177?1744629510393180

Royal College of Nursing (RCN). (2017).The needs of people with learning disabilities: what pre-registration students should know. ISBN: 978-1-910672-82-2.

Sherko E, Sotiri E, Lika E. Therapeutic communication: a review article. JaHR. 2009;(4):7.

Singer B. Perceptions of School Nurses in the Care of Students With Disabilities. The Journal of School Nursing. 2012;29(5):329-336 DOI: 10.1177/1059840512462402.

Smiley E, Cooper SA, Finlayson J, et al. Incidence and predictors of mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities: the prospective study. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2007; 191: 3139.

Southgate, A. (2013). Critical reflection on practice development. Confounding expectations: reflection on simulation with learning disability service users. FoNS. International Practice Development Journal. 2013;3(1):8.

World Health Organization. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) Version for 2010. WHO.




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed and abstracted in:


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under CC BY-SA.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


p-ISSN: 2548-8422 (since 5 January 2017); e-ISSN: 2548-8430 (since 5 January 2017)

Flag Counter

IJIET (International Journal of Indonesian Education and Teaching) is published by the Institute for Research and Community Services of Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.