Kristiawan Indriyanto


This study foregrounds the Native Hawai’ians’ interconnection between culture and nature through ecolinguistic analysis of the Wind Gourd of La’amaomao. The language use in this Hawai’ian folktale emphasizes the reverence Hawai’ian people have toward their environment based on familial kinship. The analysis mainly focuses on two aspects of language use, based on Stibbe’s theory of ecolinguistic, ideology/discourse and evaluation/appraisal. The study also posits the ecosophy/ecological philosophy derived from the text in line with the current state of environmental crisis.  The study argues that the discourse employed in the text is positive, based on recognizing the need of sustainability. The positive discourse is also reflected through close emotional connection between people and place which is reflected in wind naming pattern and Hawai’ian place names. Secondly, nature is also appraised positively as seen in the celebratory tone and vocabulary used. The study concludes that alternative way of perceiving the environment, as seen from the reading of the Wind Gourd of La’amaomao should be considered as a critique toward Western anthropocentrism.  


Hawai’ian literature, ecolinguistic, language use

Full Text:



Alexander, R., & Stibbe, A. (2014). From the analysis of ecological discourse to the ecological analysis of discourse. Language Sciences, 41(August), 104–110.

Beckwith, M. W. (1972). Kumulipo : the Hawaiian Creation Chant. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Buell, L., Heise, U. K., & Thornber, K. (2011). Literature and environment. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 36, 417–440.

Clark, J. R. . (2002). Hawai’i Place Names : Shores, Beaches and Surf Sites. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Elbert, S. H., & Pukui, M. K. (1979). Hawaiian Grammar. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Fujikane, C. (2016). Mapping wonder in the māui mo‘olelo on the mo‘o‘āina: Growing aloha ‘Āina through indigenous and settler affinity activism. Marvels and Tales, 30(1), 45–69.

Herman, D., & Berg, L. D. (1999). Critical Toponymies The Aloha State : Place Names and the Anti-conquest of Hawai ’ i. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 89(1), 76–102.

Ho’omanawanui, K. (2015). Hawaiian Literature. In E. S. Nelson (Ed.), Ethnic American Literature : An Encyclopedia for Students (pp. 227–232). Santa Barbara: Greenwood.

Indriyanto, K. (2020). Aloha Aina: Native Hawai’ians’ environmental perspective in O.A Bushnell’s Ka’a’awa. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 12(1).

Kay-Trask, H. (1991). Natives and Anthropologists : the Colonial Struggle. The Contemporary Pacific, 3(1), 159–167.

Kay-Trask, H. (1993). From a Native Daughter : Colonialism and Sovereignty in Hawai’i. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Kimura, L. L. (1983). the Hawaiian Language. In the Association of American Geographers on the Culture, Needs, and Concerns of Native Hawaiians (pp. 173–203). Washington: Native Hawaiian Study Commision.

Lynch, T., & Glotfelty, C. (2012). the Bioregional Imagination. Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Machiorlatti, J. A. (2010). Ecocinema, Ecojustice, and Indigenous Worldviews Native and First Nations Media As Cultural Recovery. In Framing the World: Explorations in Ecocriticism and Film (pp. 62–80).

Marzec, R. P. (2007). An Ecological and Postcolonial Study of Literature. Basing: Palgrave Macmillan.

Nakuina, M. K. (2005). the Wind Gourd of La’amaomao (E. T. Mookini & S. Nakoa, Eds.). Honolulu: Kalamaku Press.

Nash, J. (2015). Placenames and ecolinguistics: Some considerations for toponymists. AAA - Arbeiten Aus Anglistik Und Amerikanistik, 40(1–2), 99–103.

Nero, K. (1997). The End of Insularity. In D. Denoon, M. Meleisea, S. Firth, J. Linnekin, K. Nero, & J. Llnnekin (Eds.), The Cambridge History of the Pacific Islanders (pp. 439–467). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Oliveria, K.-A. (2009). Wahi a Kahiko : Place Names as Vehicle of Ancestral Memory. Alter Native : An International Journal of Indigenous People, 5(2), 100–115.

Perangin-Angin, D. M., & Dewi, N. (2020). An ecolinguistic analysis of folksongs in endangered Pagu language. SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 17(5), 175–191.

Poole, R. (2017). Ecolinguistics: language, ecology and the stories we live by (Book Review). Critical Discourse Studies, 14(5), 571–574.

Pukui, M. K., Elbert, S. H., & Mookini, E. T. (1974). Place Names of Hawaii : Revised & Expanded Edition. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Silva, R. M. De. (2019). Native And Indigenous Women Of Hawai ’ i : Exploring the Importance Of Indigenous Narratives And Storytelling To Understand Ancestral Knowledge Systems. University of North Dakota.

Silva, N. K. (2005). Aloha Betrayed: Native Hawaiian Resistance to American Colonialism. London: Duke University Press.

Stibbe, A. (2015). Ecolinguistics: Language, Ecology and the Stories We Live. In Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies (Vol. 36). Abingdon: Routledge.

Titcomb, M. (1972). Native Use of Fish in Hawai’i. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.

Williams, J. S. (1997). From the Mountains to the Sea : Early Hawaiian Life. Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools Press.




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Kristiawan Indriyanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed and abstracted in:




IJHS Sinta 3 Certificate (S3 = Level 3)

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHShas been nationally accredited Sinta 3 by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia based on the decree  No. Surat Keterangan 158/E/KPT/2021. Validity for 5 years: Vol 4 No 1, 2020 till Vol 8 No 2, 2024

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


p-ISSN: 2597-470X (since 31 August 2017); e-ISSN: 2597-4718 (since 31 August 2017)

Flag Counter

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) is a scientific journal in English published twice a year, namely in September and March, by Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.


Note: The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the editorial team or publishers.