Behnam Aghayani


Academic Plagiarism, consciously or unconsciously, is on the rise and it hurts the scientific community. So, regarding the absurd nature of this academic misconduct, the present study aimed to introduce and develop a new and simple method, called RESPECT, to avoid plagiarism in EFL context. To this end, first, the reasons behind plagiarism and factors that influenced on plagiarism have been discussed. Second, all types of plagiarism have been identified and then, some important studies on plagiarism in EFL context have been reviewed. Finally, the components of RESPECT have been defined. Based on the key role of RESPECT, it would eliminate plagiarism not only in the EFL context but also in all areas of science. Moreover, it is hoped that we will no longer see the occurrence of such academic misconduct by following the strategies to avoid plagiarism in academic writings. In addition, some recommendations to avoid plagiarism have been provided at the end.


plagiarism, academic misconduct, EFL Context, EFL learners

Full Text:



Aghayani, B. (2015). Plagiarism and ways to avoid it. Translation Industry Quarterly, 4, 106-109.

Ahmadi, A. (2014). Plagiarism in the academic context: A study of Iranian EFL learners. Research Ethics, 10(3), 151-168.

Al Darwish, S., & Sadeqi, A. A. (2016). Reasons for college students to plagiarize in EFL writing: Students’ motivation to pass. International Education Studies, 9(9), 99-110.

Amiri, F., & Razmjoo, S. A. (2016). On Iranian EFL undergraduate students’ perceptions of plagiarism. Journal of Academic Ethics, 14(2), 115-131.

Arya, S. C. (2013). Understanding plagiarism and maintaining research integrity through ethics. OmniScience: A Multi-disciplinary Journal, 3(1), 26-29.

Auer, N. J., & Krupar, E. M. (2001). Mouse click plagiarism: The role of technology in plagiarism and the librarian's role in combating it. Library Trends, 49(3), 415-432.

Babaii, E., & Nejadghanbar, H. (2017). Plagiarism among Iranian graduate students of language studies: Perspectives and causes. Ethics & Behavior, 27(3), 240-258.

Bouville, M. (2008). Plagiarism: Words and ideas. Science and Engineering Ethics, 14(3), 311-322.

Buckley, C. (2015). Conceptualising plagiarism: Using Lego to construct students' understanding of authorship and citation. Teaching in Higher Education, 20(3), 352-358.

Comas-Forgas, R., & Sureda-Negre, J. (2010). Academic plagiarism: Explanatory factors from students’ perspective. Journal of Academic Ethics, 8(3), 217-232.

Das, N., & Panjabi, M. (2011). Plagiarism: Why is it such a big issue for medical writers? Perspectives in Clinical Research, 2(2), 67-71.

Debnath, J. (2016). Plagiarism: A silent epidemic in scientific writing–Reasons, recognition and remedies. Medical Journal Armed Forces India, 72(2), 164-167.

Eisa, T. A. E., Salim, N., & Alzahrani, S. (2015). Existing plagiarism detection techniques: A systematic mapping of the scholarly literature. Online Information Review, 39(3), 383-400.

Fazilatfar, A. M., Elhambakhsh, S. E., & Allami, H. (2018). An investigation of the effects of citation instruction to avoid plagiarism in EFL academic writing assignments. Sage Open, 8(2), 1-13.

Giluk, T. L., & Postlethwaite, B. E. (2015). Big five personality and academic dishonesty: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Individual Differences, 72, 59-67.

Gray, G. C., Borkenhagen, L. K., Sung, N. S., & Tang, S. (2019). A primer on plagiarism: Resources for educators in China. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 51(2), 55-62.

Helgesson, G., & Eriksson, S. (2015). Plagiarism in research. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 18(1), 91-101.

Howard, R. M. (1999). Standing in the shadow of giants: Plagiarists, authors, collaborators. Ablex.

Jereb, E., Perc, M., Lämmlein, B., Jerebic, J., Urh, M., Podbregar, I., & Šprajc, P. (2018). Factors influencing plagiarism in higher education: A comparison of German and Slovene students. PLOS ONE, 13(8), e0202252.

Jereb, E., Urh, M., Jerebic, J., & Šprajc, P. (2018). Gender differences and the awareness of plagiarism in higher education. Social Psychology of Education, 21(2), 409-426.

Knapp, J. C., & Hulbert, A. M. (2017). Ghostwriting and the ethics of authenticity. Springer.

Laxmi, M. M. (2018). Research plagiarism and its effects. International Journal of Recent Research Aspects, 736-738.

Leung, C. H., & Cheng, S. C. L. (2017). An instructional approach to practical solutions for plagiarism. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5(9), 1646-1652.

Lin, W. Y. C. (2020). Self-plagiarism in academic journal articles: From the perspectives of international editors-in-chief in editorial and COPE case. Scientometrics, 123(1), 299-319.

Mahmood, S. T., & Mahmood, A. (2014). Building a global future through research and innovative practices in open and distance learning. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 15(4), 217-228.

Martin, D. F. (2005). Plagiarism and technology: A tool for coping with plagiarism. Journal of Education for Business, 80(3), 149-152.

McCabe, D. L., Treviño, L. K., & Butterfield, K. D. (2001). Cheating in academic institutions: A decade of research. Ethics & Behavior, 11(3), 219-232.

McNamee, M. J., Olivier, S., & Wainwright, P. (2006). Research ethics in exercise, health and sports sciences. Routledge.

Mohammad Hosseinpur, R., Bagheri Nevisi, R., & Afzali Shahri, M. (2018). An Investigation of the reasons for committing plagiarism in the Iranian academic community: Editor-in-chiefs, professors, and students' perspective. Foreign Language Research Journal, 7(2), 555-587.

Mohammed, R. A., Shaaban, O. M., Mahran, D. G., Attellawy, H. N., Makhlof, A., & Albasri, A. (2015). Plagiarism in medical scientific research. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 10(1), 6-11.

Mu, C. (2010). “I only cited some of his words”: The dilemma of EFL students and their perceptions of plagiarism in academic writing. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 7(4), 103-132.

Mustafa, F. (2019). “I think it I not plagiarism”: How little do Indonesian undergraduate EFL students understand plagiarism. Asian EFL Journal, 21(2), 74-91.

Newstead, S. E., Franklyn-Stokes, A., & Armstead, P. (1996). Individual differences in student cheating. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88(2), 229-241.

Park, C. (2003). In other (people’s) words: Plagiarism by university students--literature and lessons. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 28(5), 471-488.

Rezanejad, A., & Rezaei, S. (2013). Academic dishonesty at universities: The case of plagiarism among Iranian language students. Journal of Academic Ethics, 11(4), 275-295.

Sharma, H., & Verma, S. (2020). Insight into modern-day plagiarism: The science of pseudo research. Tzu-Chi Medical Journal, 32(3), 240-244.

Strittmatter, C., & Bratton, V. K. (2016). Teaching plagiarism prevention to college students: An ethics-based approach. Rowman & Littlefield.

Sutar, D. B. (2017). Use of Turnitin by faculty members and its relevance to quality of research: A case study of Shivaji university, Kolhapur. International Journal of Information Dissemination and Technology, 7(1), 1-4.

Walker, J. (1998). Student plagiarism in universities: What are we doing about it? Higher Education Research & Development, 17(1), 89-106.

Zarfsaz, E., & Ahmadi, R. (2017). Investigating some main causes and reasons of writing plagiarism in an EFL context. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 6(5), 214-223.




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Behnam Aghayani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed and abstracted in:




IJHS Sinta 3 Certificate (S3 = Level 3)

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHShas been nationally accredited Sinta 3 by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia based on the decree  No. Surat Keterangan 158/E/KPT/2021. Validity for 5 years: Vol 4 No 1, 2020 till Vol 8 No 2, 2024

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


p-ISSN: 2597-470X (since 31 August 2017); e-ISSN: 2597-4718 (since 31 August 2017)

Flag Counter

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) is a scientific journal in English published twice a year, namely in September and March, by Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.


Note: The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the editorial team or publishers.