A PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF COMPATIBILISM FROM THE INDIGENOUS NOTION OF KAHIMTANG

Arian Gula Acampado

Abstract


The Freedom-determinism debate is one of the important current discussions. Its scope covers philosophy to theology, psychology, and even the neurosciences and genetics. Though there are already attempts to reconcile the freedom-determinism perspective, a definite answer to it remains unclear. This research attempts to contribute an input offered by an indigenous understanding of the two perspectives. Using the hermeneutic phenomenology on the Visayan people in the Philippines, this paper attempts to contextualize and understand the debate from their perspective. As such freedom and determinism are put into the context of Kahimtang. The discussion is divided in two parts. The first part discusses three themes or nuances of kahimtang: 1) kahimtang as hatag sa Ginoo (God-given), 2) the notion of kahimtang as latid sa kinabuhi (path in life), and 3) the concept of kahimtang as baruganan sa pagkatawo (state of being-human). The second part discusses the determinism and freedom found in the themes of the previous part and argues on a framework of compatibilism in kahimtang. The study concludes that life for the Visayan is an interplay of freedom and determinism. 


Keywords


Compatibilism; Freedom; Determinism; Kahimtang; Indigenous Philosophy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acampado, A., & Fernandez, G., Jr. (2019). Philosophical understanding of Space from the Visayan notion of Kahimtang. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 7(1), 42-51.

Austin, O. (2014). Freewill and Determinism Debate: The Philosophical Paradox. Ilorin Journal of Religious Studies, 4(1), 39-70.

Baumeister, R., & Monroe, A., (2014). Recent research on free will: Conceptualizations, beliefs, and processes. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 50, 1-52.

Campbell, J., O'Rourke, M., & Shier, D. (Eds.) (2004). Freedom and Determinism: A Framework. MIT Press.

De Metz, V. (2010). Professor De Metz’s Handbook of Modern Palmistry (1883). Kessinger Publishing, LLC

Feldman, G., & Chandrashekar, S. (2018). Laypersons’ beliefs and intuitions about free will and determinism: New insights linking the social psychology and experimental philosophy paradigms. Social psychological and personality science, 9(5), 539-549.

Fernandez, G., & Villaluz, G. (2017). Teaching Indigenous Peace Concepts from Visayan Fisherfolks and Farmers through the Course Philosophy of the Human Person. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 5(1), 32-49.

Foner, E. (1998). The Story of American Freedom. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company.

Huhn, T. (2006). The Cambridge Companion to Adorno. Cambridge University Press.

Jamieson, A., & Radick, G. (2017). Genetic determinism in the genetics curriculum. Science & Education, 26(10), 1261-1290.

Jütten, T. (2012). Adorno on Kant, freedom and determinism. European Journal of Philosophy 20(4), 548-574.

Kahambing, J.G. (2018). Diaspora as Vanishing Mediator: Emancipation of Identity for the Mamanuas of Basey, Samar. In Galang-Pereña, F., Ampil, R., Gonzales, E., & Lazaro-Zamora, N. (Eds.), Philippines and Asian Studies: Expositions, Explorations, and Expectations (pp. 183-200). Rizal: Word Prints Publishing Services, Inc.

Kahambing, J.G. (2018). Without Sex: An Appraisal of Žižek‘s Posthumanism. International Journal of Žižek‘s Studies, 12(2), 1-16.

Kahambing, J.G. (2019). Theorizing Mamanuan diaspora: From vanishing mediator to performative indigeneity. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 11(2), 1-15

Lavazza A. (2016). Free Will and Neuroscience: From Explaining Freedom Away to New Ways of Operationalizing and Measuring It. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 10, 262. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2016.00262

List, C. (2014). Free will, determinism, and the possibility of doing otherwise. Noûs 48(1), 156-178.

Lucas, J.R. (2011). Types of Determinism. In J.R. Lucas (Ed.), The Freedom of the Will. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Originally published 1970]

McKenna, M. (2012). Contemporary Compatibilism: Mesh Theories and Reasons-Responsive Theories. In R. Kane (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will (2nd ed.). Oxford Handbooks Online.

Mills, J. (2013). Freedom and Determinism. The Humanistic Psychologist, 41(2),101-118. https://doi.org/10.1080/08873267.2012.694128

Molabola, AJ., Abiera, A, & Kahambing, JG. (2020). “In the mountains, we are like prisoners”: Kalinggawasan as Indigenous Freedom of the Mamanwa of Basey, Samar.” Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 12(5), 1-6.

Müller, T., & Placek, T. (2018). Defining determinism. The British journal for the philosophy of science, 69(1), 215-252.

Pauen, M. (2008). Self-determination. Free will, responsibility, and determinism. Synthesis philosophica, 22(2), 455-475.

Pleasants, N. (2019). Free Will, Determinism and the “Problem” of Structure and Agency in the Social Sciences. Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 49(1), 3–30. doi:10.1177/0048393118814952

Rinofner-Kreidl, S. (2008). Compatibilistic Visions. A Response to Michael Pauen’s “Self-Determination. Free Will, Responsibility, and Determinism.” Synthesis philosophica, 22(2), 477-481.

Sarkissian, H., Chatterjee, A., De Brigard, F., Knobe, J., Nichols, S., & Sirker, S. (2010). Is belief in free will a cultural universal?. Mind & Language, 25(3), 346-358.

Sartorio, C. (2015). The problem of determinism and free will is not the problem of determinism and free will. Surrounding Free Will: Philosophy, Psychology, Neuroscience, 255-73.

Sartre, JP (2007). Existentialism is a Humanism. Yale University Press.

Vihvelin, K. (2013). Causes, laws, and free will: Why determinism doesn't matter. Oxford University Press.

Vincent, N. A., Van de Poel, I., & Van Den Hoven, J. (Eds.). (2011). Moral responsibility: beyond free will and determinism (Vol. 27). Springer Science & Business Media.

Willoughby, E. A., Love, A. C., McGue, M., Iacono, W. G., Quigley, J., & Lee, J. J. (2019). Free will, determinism, and intuitive judgments about the heritability of behavior. Behavior genetics, 49(2), 136-153.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.v5i1.3423

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.v5i1.3423.g2378

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Arian Gula Acampado

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Indexed and abstracted in:

 

        

 

IJHS Sinta 3 Certificate (S3 = Level 3)

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHShas been nationally accredited Sinta 3 by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia based on the decree  No. Surat Keterangan 158/E/KPT/2021. Validity for 5 years: Vol 4 No 1, 2020 till Vol 8 No 2, 2024


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

p-ISSN: 2597-470X (since 31 August 2017); e-ISSN: 2597-4718 (since 31 August 2017)

Flag Counter

International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) is a scientific journal in English published twice a year, namely in September and March, by Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

 

Note: The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the editorial team or publishers.