PENGEMBANGAN SOAL ESAI BERBASIS HOTS UNTUK MENYELIDIKI KETERAMPILAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH SISWA SMA

Johnsen Harta

Abstract


This research aims at developing essay test based on High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS), analyze the characteristics and quality of essay test, and investigate the problem solving skills of students on acid base solution concept at SMA Negeri 6 Yogyakarta. Essay test based on HOTS with supporting instruments such as lesson plans, observation sheets of chemistry learning, presentation assessment sheet and students questionnaire responses are developed to 4-D Model which includes define, design, develop, and disseminate stages (Thiagarajan, Semmel, & Semmel, 1974: 5). Instruments were developed, validated, and done limited testing and field trials. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed using Rasch model and descriptive. The results show that 17 from 20 items declared valid and Cronbachs alpha value is 0.93 which is in excellent condition. Quality items are excellent proven in terms of content, construction, and structure. A number of 10 items selected rated effective and practical when applied in chemistry learning. In general, the average of students problem solving skills is still relatively low.
Keywords: essay test, HOTS, problem solving skill

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aiken, L. 1985. Three Coeficients for Analyzing the Reliability and Validity

Ratings. Educational and Psychologycal Measurement. 45, pp. 131-142.

Amalia, R., S. Saputro, & Ashadi. 2014. Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran TAI dan STAD terhadap Prestasi Siswa dengan Memperhatikan Kemampuan Awal dan Kemampuan Matematika. Jurnal Inkuiri. Vol. 3, (2), hlm. 86-96.

Anderson, L.W. & R.K. David. 2000. A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision of Blooms Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York: Allyn & Bacon.

Butter worth, J. & Thwaites, G. 2013. Thinking Skills: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving, 2nd ed. UK: Cambrige University Press.

Carson, J. 2007. A Problem with Problem Solving: Teaching Thinking without Teaching Knowledge. The Mathematics Educator, Vol. 17, (2), pp. 7-14.

Chamizo, J.A. 2013. A New Denition of Models and Modeling in Chemistrys Teaching. Sci. Educ., 22, 16131632.

Clough, M.P. 2008. We All Teach The Nature of ScienceWhether Accurately or Not. Iowa Sci. Teachers J., 35 (2), 23.

Creswell, J. 2014. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, 4th edition. California: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Estrella, S., R. Olfos, & A. Lorca. 2015. Pedagogical Content Knowledge of

Statistics among Primary School Teachers. Educ. Pesqui.,Sao Paulo, 41 (2), 477-492.

Jonassen, D. H. 2013. First Principles of Learning. In J. M. Spector, B. Lockee, S. Smaldino, & M. Herring, M. (Eds.). Learning, problem solving, and Mindtools: Essays in honor of David H. Jonassen. New York, NY: Routledge.

Mardapi, D. 2012. Pengukuran, Penilaian, dan Evaluasi Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.

Osman, N., & H. Kassim. 2015. Exploring Strategic Thinking Skills in Process Oriented Task in ESL Classroom. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 171, 937-944.doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.212

Retnawati, H. 2014. Membuktikan Validitas Instrumen dalam Pengukuran. Diakses dari http://evaluation-edu.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/2-validitas-heri-Retnawati-uny.pdf, tanggal 12 Agustus 2015.

Sumintono, B., & W. Widhiarso. 2015. Aplikasi Pemodelan Rasch pada Assessment Pendidikan. Cimahi: Trim Komunikata.

Talanquer, V. 2013. School Chemistr y: The Need for Transgression. Sci. Educ., 22, pp. 17571773.

Thiagarajan, S., D. Semmel, & Semmel, M. 1974. Instructional Developmen for Training Teachers of Exceptional Children. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Leadership Training Institute/Special Education, University of Minnesota.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.