The Inferiority Complex Constructed by the Dominant Power in Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea (1966): Postcolonial Analysis

Indiwara Pandu Widyaningrum

Abstract


This study focuses on the construction of identity shaped by the dominant class. Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea  portrays the complexity of identity in the figure of Creole woman, Antoinette, for belonging to neither the Jamaican society nor the European. Using interpretive qualitative approach as its method, this study applies the theory of power and knowledge to reveal the imbalance power relation between center and marginalized. The result of analysis shows that both Jamaican society and Rochester have the contribution in shaping the inferiority complex to Antoinette. The representation of madwoman in Antoinette implies the constructed truth framed by the dominant class. As a result of the inferiority complex, the dependency of the inferior on the superior grows which consolidates the domination of power. Under this situation, the dominant power legitimates their authority to represent others as well as to control the marginalized side. Thus, this study intends to raise the awareness of any kind of oppression which limits people to have a voice.


Keywords


identity, inferiority complex, postcolonial, power, representation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., & Tiffin, H. (2007). Post-Colonial Studies: The Key Concepts, Second Edition (Second). New York: Routledge.

Azmat, M. (2018). Double Colonization in Jean Rhys’s Wide Sargasso Sea : A Postcolonial Feminist Critique. European Academic Research, 6(1), 86–98.

Bertens, H. (2014). Literary Theory the Basics Third Edition. New York: Routledge.

Capello, S. (2009). Postcolonial Discourse in Wide Sargasso Sea : Creole Discourse vs. European Discourse, Periphery vs. Center, and Marginalized People vs. White Supremacy. Journal of Caribbean Literatures, 6(1), 47–54.

Fanon, F. (2008). Black Skin White Masks. United Kingdom: Pluto Press.

Haque, F. (2016). Jean Rhy’s Controversial Post Colonial Text Wide Sargasso Sea Implicitly Agrees with and Elucidates the Colonial Project. Language in India, 16(9), 65–78.

Idemudia, P. (2011). Identity, Representation, and Knowledge Production. Counterpoints, 139, 142–156.

Khanna, R. (2003). Dark Continents Psychoanalysis and Colonialism. United States: Duke University Press.

Leitch, V. (Ed.). (2001). The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. United States: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Marriot, D. (2000). Border Anxieties: Race and Psychoanalysis. In A. Bery & P. Murray (Eds.), Comparing Postcolonial Literature Dislocations. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.

McKee, P. (2009). Racial Strategies in Jane Eyre. Victorian Literature and Culture, 37(2), 67–83.

Paramastri, A. B. (2018). Antoinette’s Mental Ilness in Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea . Diponegoro University.

Pooch, M. (2016). In Cultural Diversity in a Globalizing Age (pp. 37–56). Transcript Verlag.

Reed, I. (2013). Power: Relational, Discursive, and Performative Dimensions. American Sociological Association, 31(3), 193–218.

Rhys, J. (1966). Wide Sargasso Sea . New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Said, E. (1978). Orientalism. London: Penguin Group.

Satiyoko, Y. A. (2020). Memorizing Propaganda of Equality in Ngulandara and Kirti Ndjoenjoeng Dradjat, Novels of Balai Poestaka. Kandai, 16(1), 96–110. https://doi.org/10.26499/jk.v16i1.1410

Steinmetz, G. (2014). The Sociology of Empires, Colonies, and Postcolonialism. Annual Review of Sociology, 40(1), 77–103. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071913-043131

Subhan, A., & Estanto, D. (2019). Discourse on Creole Identity: From Ambivalence to Madness Post-Colonial Reading on Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea . Indonesian Journal of English Language Studies, 5(1), 18–23.

Thomas, P. (2018). Refiguring the Subaltern. Political Theory, 46(6), 861–884. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1177/0090591718762720

Varol, F. (2017). Edward Said Vs Michel Foucault: The Divergence of Perspectives on Knowledge, Truth and Power. Ankara Üniversitesi SBF Dergisi, 72(2), 315–331.

Ward, A. (2013). Understanding Postcolonial Traumas. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 33(3), 170–184. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1037/a0033576

Widyaningrum, I. (2020). The Subaltern’s Failure of Recognition in Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice (1599): Postcolonial Psychoanalysis Study. NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching, 11(2), 111–124. https://doi.org/10.15642/NOBEL.2020.11.2.111-124

Young, R. (2003). Postcolonialism: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.,.

Yousef, T., & Abu-Samra, R. (2017). Identity Crisis in Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea Revisited. Journal of Literature and Art Studies, 7(2), 109–121. https://doi.org/10.17265/2159-5836/2017.02.001




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijels.v7i1.3214

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24071/ijels.v7i1.3214.g2270

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Indexed and abstracted in:


IJELS e-ISSN 2175-0895; IJELS p-ISSN 2442-790X

Indonesian Journal of English Language Studies (IJELS) is published twice a year, namely in March and September, by the English Language Studies (ELS) of the Graduate Program of Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.