Noun Phrases of Jace Wayland’s Utterances in Mortal Instruments: City of Bones

Dimas Indra Pratama, Arina Istianah


A noun phrase is one of the important elements in building a sentence. Every noun phrase has its own head of the phrase. The structure of the noun phrase can be different according to the modification of the head. There are two kinds of modification to the head of the phrase: pre-modification and post-modification. The existence of the modifiers plays certain roles to the noun phrase. This article presents how the pre-modification affects the character in a literary work. Cassandra Clare’s Mortal Instruments: City of Bones was chosen as the work to observe. Stylistic approach is used in order to conduct this study. The data of the study is collected from the noun phrases found in one of the character’s utterances, Jace Wayland. The analysis presented in this article covers the types of structure, distribution, and function of noun phrases. This study found several results of the analysis. First, there are seven types of noun phrase structure found in the utterances of Jace Wayland. Second, there are four main functions of a noun phrase in a clause: subject, object, prepositional complement, and predicative complement. Third, the noun phrases also have significant role in revealing the character of Jace Wayland: being descriptive and direct.

Keywords: noun phrase, stylistics, pre-modification.




Full Text:



Clare, Cassandra. Mortal Instruments: City of Bones. London: Margaret K. Mc. Elderry, 2007.

Greaney, Michael. Contemporary Fiction and the Uses of Theory. New York: Palgrave Macmilan, 2006.

Huddleston, Rodney and Geoffrey K. Pullum. A Student’s Intoduction to English Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Maestre, Maria Dolorez Lòpez. “Noun Phrase “Complexity” as a Style Marker: An Exercise in Stylistic Analysis.” Atlantis. Vol. 20. No. 2 (1998): p. 91-105. Jstor. ( September 26, 2016.

Simpson, Paul. Stylistics: A Resource Book for Students. London: Routledge, 2004.

Quirk, Randolph and Sidney Greenbaum. A University Grammar of English. Essex: Longman Group Ltd., 1985.

Yudit. “The Noun Phrases Revealing Hemingway’s Style: A Stylistic Approach.” Phenomena. Vol. 9. No. 2. (2005): p. 125. Universitas Sanata Dharma.


  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

  Journal of Language and Literature - Department of English Letters, Universitas Sanata Dharma, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Flag Counter