Mia Hall’s Decision Making Process in Her Comatose State in Gayle Forman’s If I Stay: A Psychoanalytic Study

Chindy Christine, Dewi Widyastuti

Abstract


This undergraduate study discusses a novel written by Gayle Forman entitled If I Stay through the psychoanalytic study. The main character of the novel, Mia Hall, is in a comatose state after she gets an accident with her family. Her parents and her brother do not survive. In this unconscious state, she has to choose one of the two choices whether to stay or to leave. Her decision-making process, which the main character faces, inspires the researcher to study how Mia Hall’s unconsciousness is able to influence her decision making. The researcher formulates two problems for this study: (1) how the main character is described in the plot development of the story, and (2) how the decision-making process of the main character is seen in the story.

The analysis produces some results and findings. The first finding is that the main character’s traits are family-centered, enthusiastic, loving, and thoughtful. The second result is that the main character’s decision making process is a descriptive model of decision making. The reason why she decides to stay in the world is influenced by her identity and the effects of her unconsciousness, in which she still has her grandparents as her family, her dream to become a cellist that she can pursue, and the people surrounding her whom she can share her affection for.

Keywords: psychoanalytic study, comatose state, Gayle Forman


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrams, M. H. A Glossary of Literary Terms. New York: Holt, Rineheart, Winston, Inc., 1981.

Barry, Peter. Beginning Theory: An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002.

Brooks, D. The Social Animal: The Hidden Sources of Love, Character, and Achievement. New York: Random House, 2011.

Dastmard, Farzaneh, Tooran Razmjoo, and Vali Salehi. “The Relationship between Psychology and Literature”. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research (2012): p. 9420. (www.textroad.com). October 6, 2016.

Dobie, Ann B. Theory into Practice: An Introduction to Literary Criticism. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012.

Feist, Jess and Gregory J. Feist. Theories of Personality. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2006.

Felman, Shoshana. “To Open the Question Literature and Psychoanalysis.” The Question of Reading Otherwise. No. 55/56. (1977) p. 5-10. Yale University Press. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/293043 3). November 1, 2016.

Forman, Gayle. “13 Things You Might Not Know About Gayle”. n.p.. n.d.. (http://gayleforman.com/bio/). September 1, 2016.

Forman, Gayle. If I Stay. New York: Penguin Group, 2010. “Gayle Forman”. (http://www.goodreads.com/author/s how/295178.

Gayle_Forman). January 13, 2017.

“Gayle Forman's New York Times Bestselling Novel If I Stay Hits Theaters August 22, 2014”. Penguin for Every Reader. n.p. July 21, 2014. (http://www.penguin.com/newsroom /gayle-formans-new-york-times- bestselling-novel-stay-hits-theatersaugust-22-2014/). September 1, 2016.

Gill, Richard. Mastering English Literature. London: Macmillan Press LTD, 1995. If I Stay Summary & Study Guide Description. If I Stay Summary & Study Guide. Bookrags. n.d.. (http://www.bookrags.com/studyguid e-if-i-stay/#gsc.tab=0). June 9, 2016.

Jonassen, David H. “Designing for Decision Making”. Educational Technological Research and Development. Vol. 60, No. 2 (April 2012): p. 341-359. Springer. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/414885 86). October 3, 2016.

Kahneman, Daniel and Amos Tversky. “Choices, Values, and Frames.” American Psychologist. Vol. 39. No. 4 (April 1984): p 341-350. American Psychological Association, Inc. (http://web.missouri.edu/~segerti/ca pstone/choicesvalues.pdf). September 11, 2016.

Kahneman, Daniel and Amos Tversky. Choices, Values, and Frames. New York: Cambridge University Press and The Russell Sage Foundation, 2000.

Kuwahara, Kuldip Kaur. Jung’s “Collective Unconscious” Literature, and Cultural Studies, in a Colonial/Postcolonial Context. Jungian Society for Scholarly Studies. Alkahest Designs. n.d.. (http://jungiansociety.org/index.php/j ung-s-collective-unconscious- literature-and-cultural-studies-in-acolonial-postcolonial-context). September 29, 2016.

Laureys, Steven. “Death, Unconsciousness, and the Brain.” Science and Society. Vol. 6. No. 11 (2005): p. 899-909. Natural Reviews, Neuroscience. (http://www.coma.ulg.ac.be/papers/v s/death_unconsciousness_NatureRevN eurosci05.pdf). January 12, 2017.

Mayo Clinic Staff. “Diseases and Conditions: Coma”. n.p. August 14 (www.mayoclinic.org/diseasesconditions/coma/basics/definition/ co n- 20028567). September 1, 2016.

Meliala, Charli Welly Robert S. “Adolescent Risk Taking as Seen in James Joyce’s Eveline”. Undergraduate Study. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University, 2011.

Pangestuti, Prastika Wigatining. “The Effects of Charley’s Dream Toward His Decision Making in Life in Mitch Albom’s For One More Day”. Undergraduate Study. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University, 2013.

Roberts, Edgar V. and Henry E. Jacobs. Fiction: An Introduction to Reading and Writing. New Jersey: Prentince-Hall, Inc, 1987.

Ryan, Michael. An Introduction to Criticism: Literature, Film, Culture. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2012.

Wellek, Rene and Austin Warren. Theory of Literature, New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, Inc, 1962.

Wolterbeek, Elle. “If I Stay.” Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy. Vol. 53. No. 7 (April 2010): p. 616-617. Wiley on behalf of the International Reading Association. (http://www.jstor.org/st


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Journal of Language and Literature - Department of English LettersUniversitas Sanata Dharma