Unity in Society: Forster’s Visions in A Passage to India

Petricella Margareta, Ira Rasikawati


A Passage to India presents the issue of the human relationship between the British and the Indians during the colonization era. The clash between two races makes cross-cultural relationship impossible to achieve. Despite the conflict, Forster believes in unity and proposes essential conditions through the narrative voice, suggesting a possibility for unity in a diverse society. Using the critical qualitative method, this study attempts to discover Forster's essential conditions of unity grounded by the theory of human basic values, which are understanding, tolerance, appreciation, and welfare of all people and for all nature. Although the essential conditions are evident, there are some reasons that restrict them, namely racial prejudice, stereotypes, and colonization. Conditions to achieve unity in a diversity as proposed by Forster will never work unless any forms of colonization are abolished.

 Keywords: A Passage to India, Colonialism, India, Basic Human Values

Full Text:



Bennet, A., & Royle, N. An Introduction to Literature, Criticism and Theory (5th Edition). New York: Routledge, 2016.

Forster, E. M. A Passage to India. New York: Harcourt, Inc., 1924.

Lee, D. (2000). The Society of Society: The Grand Finale of Niklas Luhmann, 18(2), pp. 320–330, 2000.

Nielsen, H. S. The Impersonal Voice in First-Person Narrative Fiction. Narrative, 12(2), 2000: 133–150.

Schwartz, S. H. An Overview of the Schwartz Theory of Basic Values. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 1–20, 2012

Sisakht, I. N. Analysis of Narrative and Importance of Point of View in Novels. International Journal of Science and Research, 3(7), 2014: 181–184.


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

  Journal of Language and Literature - Department of English Letters, Universitas Sanata Dharma, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Flag Counter