GENDER DIFFERENCES AND THE USE OF METADISCOURSE MARKERS IN WRITING ESSAYS

Truly Almendo Pasaribu

Abstract


Abstract

This study aims at investigating metadiscourse markers in academic essays written by male and female students. With the goal in mind, 20 essays written by EFL female students and 20 essays written by EFL male students were chosen. These data were analyzed based on the metadiscourse framework proposed by Hyland (2005). The findings revealed that both male and female writers employed more interactive markers than interactional markers due to the fact that both genders inserted transition markers frequently to guide readers through the texts. However, a cultural factor may influence the writers’ tendency not to use transition markers showing arguments. Furthermore, although male students employed more interactional markers, female students used more markers in interactional sub-categories except self-mentions. Although it is assumed that women prefer to use a more personalized style, male writers in this study also personalized their essays by using self-mentions. One possible reason was that the use of these features tended to be more field-specific than gender-specific. The findings and discussion indicated that gender is not the only factor influencing the use of metadiscourse markers. Other possible variables discussed in this study should be taken into account.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2017.010110


 


Keywords


metadiscourse, gender, discourse

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References


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p-ISSN: 2597-470X (since 31 August 2017); e-ISSN: 2597-4718 (since 31 August 2017)

IJHS Journal Vol 1 No 2 publication date: 8 March 2018

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International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) is a scientific journal in English published twice a year, namely in September and March, by Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.