THE LEXICONS OF ANIMAL CLASSIFICATION IN JAVANESE: A COGNITIVE SEMANTICS APPROACH

Danang Satria Nugraha

Abstract


This study aimed to describe the lexicons of animal classification in Javanese. The classification refers to a categorization system based on the semantic aspects of naming constructions. Through a combination of observation method (or simak method) based on Blommaert’s model (2013), constructions such as mendha, pitik kampung, and celeng collected from the use of Javanese both oral and written. Based on semantical analysis techniques, the data are analyzed in line with the use of padan method and interpreted based on Duranti’s theory (2004). The results of the analysis are presented in description along with the classification chart. In general, the lexicons in animal classification can be devided into, at least, five classifications, namely classification (a) ingon-ingonan, (b) alasan, (c) satoan, (d) buron, and (e) pangirid. In accordance with the world view of Javanese speakers, there are three wisdom presented in the animal classification, namely (a) ora mateni sakabehe ‘do not kill every living thing’, (b) ora ngrusak sakabehe ‘do not broke anything’, and (c) ora mangan kewan ‘do not meal the specific animals’. For further study, the contrastive analysis on lexicons of plants and animals classification in Javanese, espcially in farming register, is the interesting research topic in the light of Cognitive Semantics.

DOI: 10.24071/ijhs.2019.020208


Keywords


Lexicons of Animal Classification, Linguistic Constructions, Speaker of Javanese, Cognitive Semantics.

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p-ISSN: 2597-470X (since 31 August 2017); e-ISSN: 2597-4718 (since 31 August 2017)

IJHS Journal Vol 1 No 2 publication date: 8 March 2018

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International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS) is a scientific journal in English published twice a year, namely in September and March, by Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.